In this sterile container is 0.5cc of ground human cortical bone. This is not alive, and therefore is not “rejected”. In general terms there are five (5) types of bone graft material available to dentists for grafting.
1) The “gold standard” is live bone harvested from the same person. This is alive, and gives the best results quickest, it is also the least costly. It does entail harvesting bone (an additional surgical procedure) from another part of the patients body. Donor sites used include jawbone, calvaria, rib and hip.
2) Bioengineered human bone with live mesenchymal (stem) cells. I have used this type bone in my Palm Harbor, FL dental office with excellent results. The ONLY disadvantage is the very high cost. The bone in the container seen here costs more than $600 for this very small amount.
3) Donated, processed human bone. This is the most commonly used type. It can be processed many different ways. Results range from excellent to good.
4) Bone derived from another type of animal, most commonly bovine (cow). I do not use this type in my Tampa FL area dental office as the cost is just slightly less than processed human bone.
5) “Synthetic” bone, which can range from “plaster of paris” to plastic’s to processed coral. This type will hold great potential in the future when it can be impregnated or seeded with stem cells.