Early gum disease is characterized by chronic bad breath and red swollen gums that bleed when teeth are brushed. Spaces may form between teeth and teeth may become loose.
Some people develop severe gum disease without obvious symptoms. For this reason it is advisabel to have your teeth/gums examined and maintained on a regular basis. Gum disease progresses slowly in some individuals and more rapidly in others. Physical and psychological can aggravate gum disease. Periodontal disease can also be be worsened by smoking, systemic diseases (diabetes), diet and many common prescription drugs (calcium channel blockers, Dilantin etc.)
Annual dental exams and semiannual routine cleanings are sufficient for most younger people. Those with existing gum disease or those prone to it will benefit from more frequent and more rigorus maintenance. The reason for this is the tiny pockets bacteria carve out between gums teeth and bone. A pocket is a space in excess of 3mm in depth. The bacteria change from a comparatively harmless form to a virulent aggressive form that have place (the pocket) to call home. this transition occurs after bacteria have been growing undisturbed for 8 – 12 weeks. If your teeth/gums are professionally maintained every three months, the bacterial colonies will be disrupted before they cause significant damage to your gums.
Paul L. Caputo, DDS3490 E Lake Rd S Suite A